Situated among lush green forests of Eucalyptus, Udhampur is located in the Shivalik range of Himalayas having mostly mountainous terrain and sub-tropical climate. It is the second-largest city of the Jammu region and the fourth-largest city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir which covers an area of 4,550 square kilometres in the Himalayan mountains. Named after Raja Udham Singh, it serves as the district capital and the Northern Command headquarters of the Indian Army. In 1971, Headquarter Northern Command was established at Udhampur, taking over responsibility for Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. A Forward Base Support Unit (FBSU) of the Indian Air Force is also stationed here
The Dogri language spoken here is known for its native purity, accent and sweetness in tone. Owing to a multitude of shrines and temples like Babore Temples, Kiramchi Temples, Shankari Devta Mandir in Pancheri, shrines of Chountra Devi and Pingla Devi; Udhampur is also known as Devika Nagari meaning City of the Goddess. It is also home to Vaishno Devi, one of the most revered shrines for Hindus, and one of the most popular religious centres in India. At an elevation of 2,024 metres (6,640 ft) the mountain resort of Patnitop and the temple at Sudh Mahadev believed to be over 2800 years old are other popular tourist attractions of the district. Major attractions in Udhampur city includes Pandav mandir, Devika Ghats and Jakhani Park.